Projections for Spain's population estimate that, by 2050, the number of elderly people will have reached 16,448,452, almost double the current figure (INE, 2014).
The elderly will then account for 37.6% of the total population and the number of octogenarians will be approximately 7 million, representing 16% of the total population and 42.4% of the elderly population.
According to Eurostat projections (European Commission, 2015), by 2060 Spain will have the third-largest share of octogenarians in the EU-28 after Portugal and Greece
The progressive ageing of Spanish society makes it necessary to consider how we can ensure the elderly are duly cared for in the near future, especially those who invariably require care.
The changes occurring in today's society reveal a social scenario in which the family is unlikely to be able to continue providing all the support required for the elderly, leading us to rethink how this duty of care can be passed on while respecting both the will of the carer and also that of the person being cared for.
The care of people is an issue which, although extremely important, is not as visible as it should be in today's society. According to the latest data from the National Health Survey in Spain (2011- 2012), 45.5% of those aged over 65 have some kind of functional dependence related to personal care, domestic tasks and/or mobility. This figure increases to 85.0% in the case of those aged over 85.
The charter People first: Caring for others the way we would like to be cared for
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Caring for others the way we would like to be cared for - Conference Dr. Torralba
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Survey on expectations and preferences in relation to care. Results
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